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Christianity in Afghanistan

Love on Afghanistan

Afghanistan Info

  • The current population of Afghanistan is 42,589,102 as of Monday, October 23, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.

  • Afghanistan 2023 population is estimated at 42,239,854 people at mid year.

  • Afghanistan population is equivalent to 0.53% of the total world population.

  • Afghanistan ranks number 36 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.

  • The population density in Afghanistan is 65 per Km2 (168 people per mi2).

  • The total land area is 652,860 Km2 (252,071 sq. miles)

  • 25.9 % of the population is urban (10,948,055 people in 2023)

  • The median age in Afghanistan is 17.0 years.

Christianity Afghanistan

Afghanistan Christian Persecution is a Death Sentence
There are more than 10,000 Christians in Afghanistan. Almost all are converts from Islam.
According to the Taliban, Christians are apostates and are under a death sentence.
For nearly two years since the Taliban takeover, ICC has worked with Afghan Christians to provide refuge and necessities. 
- Read More

Christians have historically comprised a small community in Afghanistan. The total number of Christians in Afghanistan is currently estimated to be between 15,000 and 20,000 according to International Christian Concern. Almost all Afghan Christians are converts from Islam. The Pew Research Center estimates that 40,000 Afghan Christians were living in Afghanistan in 2010.[1] The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan did not recognize any Afghan citizen as being a Christian, with the exception of many expatriates (although, Rula Ghani, the country's First Lady from 2014 until 2021, is a Maronite Christian from Lebanon).[2][3] Christians of Muslim background communities can be found in Afghanistan, estimated between 500-8,000,[4][5] or between 10,000 to 12,000 - Read More

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Biblical History in Afghanistan

According to the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 2:9) in the Bible ethnic Jews and converts to Judaism from the Parthian Empire (which included parts of western Afghanistan[24][25][26]) were present at Pentecost. According to Eusebius' record, the apostles Thomas and Bartholomew were assigned to Parthia.[27]

A legend that is contained in the apocryphal Gospel of Thomas and other ancient documents suggests that Saint Thomas preached in Bactria, an ancient region in Central Asia that was located on flat land which straddles modern-day northern Afghanistan.[28] An early third-century Syriac work known as the Acts of Thomas[27] connects the apostle's ministry with two kings, one in the north and the other in the south. According to the Acts, Thomas was at first reluctant to accept this mission, but the Lord appeared to him in a night vision and compelled him to accompany an Indian merchant, Abbanes (or Habban), to his native place in northwest India. There, Thomas found himself in the service of the Indo-Parthian (Southern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Northern India) King, Gondophares. The Apostle's ministry resulted in many conversions throughout the kingdom, including the king and his brother.[27]

Bardaisan, writing in about 196, speaks of Christians throughout MediaParthia, and Bactria[29] and, according to Tertullian (c.160–230), there were already a number of bishoprics within the Persian Empire by 220.[30] By the time of the establishment of the Second Persian Empire (AD 226), there were bishops of the Church of the East in northwest India, Afghanistan, and Baluchistan, with laymen and clergy alike engaging in missionary activity.[27]

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